U.S. proved oil and natural gas reserves hit an “all-time high” – about double their levels from a decade ago – thanks in large part to continued development and exploration of shale and tight oil formations nationwide, according to newly released data from the Energy Information Administration.
Proved reserves are the estimated volume of a hydrocarbon believed to have a 90-percent or greater probability of being recoverable based on geologic and engineering data. Estimates vary from year to year as new discoveries are made, and existing fields are developed and further explored. In recent years, technological advances have increased the ability to access and explore previously unrecoverable shale reserves, expanding the known U.S. supply of oil and natural gas, as EIA explained:
“In 2008, the downward trend for crude oil reversed when innovations in horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing were applied to tight oil-bearing formations, such as the Bakken Shale of the Williston basin. The upward trends have continued, and both crude oil and natural gas proved reserves reached new U.S. record levels at Year-End 2017.”
The percentage of natural gas proved shale reserves versus other formations, in particular, increased significantly in the past decade.
According to EIA:
“The share of natural gas from shale compared with total U.S. natural gas proved reserves increased from 62 percent in 2016 to 66 percent in 2017.”
The continued exploration of these formations has led to a greater understanding of their geology – and higher production numbers as a result. EIA estimates production of natural gas from shale increased 9 percent—from 17.0 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 2016 to 18.6 Tcf in 2017.
Similarly, the development of shale and tight oil formations since 2008 has reversed the standing of American energy, and propelled the United States past Russia and Saudi Arabia as the world’s leading crude oil producer as of this year for the first time since February 1999.
According to EIA, as of December 31, 2017, tight plays accounted for 48 of all U.S. crude oil and lease condensate proved reserves. From 2016 to 2017, the proved crude oil reserves in these formations increased 28.4 percent, with the largest gains coming from the Permian Basin in Texas and New Mexico.
The United States beat its 1970 record of 39 billion barrels of proved crude oil in 2017.
Gains in crude oil reserves came on the back of exploration in the Southwest region. Last year, the Wolfcamp/Bone Spring shale play in the Permian Basin surpassed the Bakken/Three Forks play in the Williston Basin to become the largest oil-producing tight play.
And 2017 reaffirmed everything really is bigger in Texas: The Lone Star state added 3.3 billion barrels of crude oil and lease condensate proved reserves, the largest net increase of all states. The rise was “a result of increased prices and development in the Permian Basin of the Spraberry Trend and the Wolfcamp/Bone Spring shale play,” according to EIA.
New Mexico, meanwhile, produced the next largest net gains in crude oil and lease condensate proved reserves, with a 1-billion-barrel increase over 2016.
U.S. proved natural gas reserves grew 19 percent from 2014 to 2017, when the previous record of 388.8 trillion cubic feet was set.
Just as the Southwest is driving America’s rise as a leader in crude oil – both in production and proved reserves – the Northeast region is propelling the record-setting growth on the natural gas side. According to EIA:
“Producers in Pennsylvania added 28.1 Tcf of natural gas proved reserves, the largest net increase of all states in 2017, as a result of increased prices and development of the Marcellus and Utica shale plays.”
In fact, the United States – already the world’s leading producer of natural gas – is projected to supply 40 percent of total global gas growth to 2025, according to the International Energy Agency’s World Energy Outlook.
The United States has more proved reserves than ever before, and is producing oil and natural gas at levels unfathomable a decade ago. As the new data show, our geology is providing a clear rebuke of any sort of “peak oil” narrative.